The University of Texas taught its first classes in 1883, although classes had been taught in the original wooden state capitol four years earlier. During the 1880s, Austin gained a new spotlight when the state capitol building was completed in 1888 and was proclaimed the seventh largest building in the world. In 1986, the CVB signed up for a promotional package to promote Austin's music, compiling a tape from a dozen Austin artists, including Wild Seeds, and sending it to the New Music Seminar, a prominent conference in New York. In 1846, Austin was formally named the capital of the state of Texas after two state elections on the subject.
Austin is bigger, more expensive and less strange, but Swenson, who was born and raised in the city, prefers the New Austin to the Old. Linklater had moved to the city from Houston after watching a couple of Austin movies, including Speed of Light, and his 1991 film, Slacker, had immortalized what was then the strange old Austin. Austin voters are constantly vetoing extensive light rail plans and Austin drivers are systematically refusing to ride buses. Austin is known as the father of Texas, but many people, including Sam Houston, were not satisfied with the location of the capital.
Austin suffered the plague of segregation in the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, but race relations improved during the civil rights era and the University of Texas admitted black students in 1956, the first university in the South to do so. While the Austin subway is not home to any major league sports teams, the University of Texas offers powerful soccer and basketball teams that most Austinites consider their “local teams” for those sports. When the Mexican invasion threatened Texas in 1842, the government moved to Houston, but the city's citizens, determined to keep Austin as their capital, organized the so-called War of the Archives, forcibly keeping government records. The film conference took off, because Austin already had a fledgling film industry supported by Black and Richard Linklater, members of the Austin Film Society.
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